Lyrognathus giannisposatoi

Lyrognathus giannisposatoi

Lyrognathus giannisposatoi Nunn & West, 2013, is a very stunning bird spider due to its coloration from Sumatra, Indonesia. Spiders from the genus can be found in northeast India, West Malaysia, Borneo and the Lombok islands, but Lyrognathus giannisposatoi was the first spider from the genus to be recorded in Sumatra in 2012. Remarkably all Lyrognathus spp. can be found at higher elevations in mountainous area, except for Lyrognathus giannisposatoi. She prefers very low elevations. Lyrognathus giannisposatoi is closest related to Lyrognathus lessunda, but can be easily distinguished from all Lyrognathus spp. by its robust build and much larger overall size. The female is rather dark, with carapace and anterior leg pair I & II coloring dark brown. Abdomen and anterior leg pair III & IV are black. All leg segments possess indistinct cream bands. Males are smaller and more brown-ish.


I. SPECIFIC INFORMATION

Scientific name: Lyrognathus giannisposatoi.

Subfamily: Selenocosmiinae – Selenocosmiini.

Common name: /

Previous name: /

World spider catalog

Type: Burrowing bird spider.

Category: Old world tarantula. Not recommended for beginning hobbyists.

Urticating setae: No.

Venom: Probably strong. Depending the location of the bite and the amount of venom released, this might be a painful experience. However, no valuable scientific research has been done yet.

Origin: Mesuji, Lampung province, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Body length: ≤ 4-5cm.

Span width: ≤ 11-14cm. Lyrognathus giannisposatoi is sexually dimorphic, with females being larger and heavier than males.

Growth rate: Medium.

Life expectancy: No valuable source found. Females probably become up to 12-15 years old. Males are given a shorter lifetime of 3-4 years.

Behavior: Defensive. The spider will try to flee at first. Persistent provocation can result in a bite. Lyrognathus giannisposatoi can be considered a pet hole, so know what to expect when buying.

Accessibility (1/beginner, 10/expert): 8.


II. INFORMATION FOR KEEPERS

>>> First aid

Lyrognathus giannisposatoi lives in tropical warm and humid area and can be found at very low elevation, mostly burrowed inside rises of land just above the flood plains of the Mesuji river. This region, however, is suffering from human activities. The spider is often found in uncleared patches of gallery forests. Temperatures in general are high, but lower inside their burrows. Do not overheat the terrarium. The genus in general doesn’t like high temperatures, as they all live on high elevations. Lyrognathus giannisposatoi, however, lives at very low elevation, being a little bit warmer.

Environmental conditions

Temperature: 23-27°C (day), 18-22°C (night).

Humidity: 75-85%.

Terrarium

Adult: LxWxH: 20x20x40. Min. 2x span width in height.

Smaller than adult: 3x span width in height.

Substrate

Adult: 1-2x span width.

Smaller than adult: Min. 1x span width.

* Keep substrate rather moist. Provide a more dry area at one side of the tank.

* During 7-8 months the spider lives in very humid area. Note that cages with high humidity levels are very sensitive for mites. Please take your precautions.

Climate

* Note: Lyrognathus giannisposatoi can be found at very low elevation, burrowed inside rises of land just above the flood plains of the Mesuji river.

Wet season: All year long. In january, february, march, april, may, november and december it will rain at least 1 out of 2 days.

Dry season: June, july, august, september, october. With an avarage rainfall for 1 out of 2 or 3 days, it’s not really “dry”.

Warmest months: September, october, november.

Coldest months: None. The coldest month don’t differ that much from the other months.

For more information about the local climate: Click here.

* You might like to consider an adjustment of these data with your local climate. Do not exceed minima or maxima and, if necessary, organize the year making your bird spider experience different seasons. This is very important form the moment you’d like to start breeding.

Lyrognathus spp. distribution

Lyrognathus distribution


III. INFORMATION FOR BREEDERS

In their natural habitat males mature and breed in july, while females produce the egg sacs in the same month. Remove the male immediately after mating. Cannibalism may occur.

• Only start breeding 4-6 weeks (or later) after the spider molted. If the female molts between pairing and cocoon, the eggs will remain unfertilized.

• Make sure the female is well-fed (not obese) before you introduce the male.

• 1-5 months after mating, the female will start making the cocoon. Deprive the cocoon, when desired, 5 weeks later. Store the eggs at a humidity of 80-90% and a temperature of 24-27°C. Expect 200-300 spiderlings to come out.

• Don’t plan too much breeding this spider. Just make sure humidity is around 80% and temperatures are not too high (or too low).


Mature male

Lyrognathus giannisposatoi mature male


IV. DID YOU KNOW…

Lyrognathus giannisposatoi is a patronym in honoration of Mr. Gianni Sposato who delivered lots of valuable information about Selenocosmia and assistance to the authors?

Lyrognathus giannisposatoi has 4 different types of hair on her carapace?


V. LITERATURE

A new species of tarantula spider in the genus Lyrognathus Pocock, 1895 (Araneae, Theraphosidae) from Sumatra.


VI. COPYRIGHT

• Text: Dennis Van Vlierberghe (facebookgroup and –page)

• Photography: Yvonne Kindl (flickr), Samuel Spreuwers (website, facebook)

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